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EU Manufacturing: An Intro to Employee Health & Safety

Employee manufacturing safety is vital to prevent or lessen the risk of workplace injury, illness, and death of employees. Learn about need-to-know workplace safety information for EU manufacturing employees with this starter Qstream microlearning course.

Category: Safety and Risk Management

Industry: Manufacturing

Questions: 17

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EU Manufacturing: An Intro to Employee Health & Safety

Navigate through the Qstream questions below to preview. Each challenge is designed following Qstream’s best practices for maximum knowledge reinforcement and engagement. This Qstream is free for clients to use as a starting point.

1. Impact Analysis >
2. Employer Responsibilities >
3. Employee responsibilities >
4. Emergency Evacuation >
5. Fire Safety >
6. Accident Reporting >
7. Electrical Safety >
8. Manual Handling >
9. Faulty Equipment >
10. Risk Assessment >
11. PPE >
12. Lone working >
13. Hazardous Substances >
14. Asbestos Safety >
15. Slips, Trips and Falls >
16. Risk evaluation >
17. Working at Height >

Follow the interactions on each screen to answer Qstream questions as a Participant.

Think for a moment about a serious accident happening in your organisation. In addition to regulatory fines and liability concerns, the accident can have which of the following impacts on the company and its employees?

Answer explanation:
Accidents in the workplace can have a huge impact on the business, as they can cause damage to the firm’s reputation, reduce sales, result in low staff morale – and at worst – closure. If any worker suffers an injury during their employment, they are entitled to workers’ compensation.

If it’s shown that the accident happened because of a failure to manage health and safety risks in the organisation, the regulator may take action, which in turn may lead to prosecutions, fines and imprisonment.

As a result, there are three fundamental reasons for organizations to manage health and safety risk:

1. Moral – as human beings we should feel obliged to look after each other’s safety.

2. Legal – there are strict legal obligations imposed on employers and employees relating to the safety of employees and others affected by the business.

3. Economic – businesses that address health and safety risk are invariably more successful than those that do not. Loss events such as accidents or ill-health lead to significant direct and indirect costs.

The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) raises awareness of workplace risks and increases commitment to safety and health across Europe. EU-OSHA outlines that all employers have a duty of care and are legally obligated to:

Answer explanation:
The employer owes a duty of care to their employees to ensure, so far as reasonably practicable, their health, safety, and welfare at work. This includes providing a safe, healthy working environment and safe systems of work including ensuring that plant and equipment are in a safe condition. However, there is no legal requirement to provide private medical insurance.

EU-OSHA (The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work) provides guidance and tools for Health & Safety management and is responsible for raising awareness of occupational safety and health in the EU. However, legislative requirements in the field of safety and health at work can vary across the EU Member States.

Your company has committed to improving the management of health and safety and has shared a plan with all employees on how this will be achieved.

Finish the sentence: “Safety is the responsibility of _________.”

Answer explanation:
Don’t make the mistake of thinking that the responsibility for worker safety, health, and welfare rests solely with the employer. Under the law, employers certainly have a wide range of duties but so do employees.

You should already know that you have health and safety responsibilities. You are at the front line of safety. As the representative of the employer, you will make decisions about local safety practices. You are in control of what happens and that means you are the duty holder.

You need to know when you need to act, how to act, when not to act, and when to pass things on to more senior managers. You must also recognise when you’re out of your depth and need to call for help. As an employee, you should, but are not limited to, do the following -

• Comply with relevant laws and protect your safety and health
• Cooperate with your employer with regard to health and safety training
• Make proper use of all machinery, tools, substances, and personal protective equipment
• Report any defects in the place of work, equipment, etc. which might endanger safety and health

It is your first day in your new workplace, and your manager has asked you to familiarise yourself with the emergency evacuation procedures. Which of the following information would you normally find in the emergency evacuation plan?

Answer explanation:
An emergency evacuation plan aims to prepare employees with information that enables them to become familiar with the evacuation procedures and explains how to evacuate a building as quickly and safely as possible.

Emergency evacuation plan usually includes the below information:

- Action in an emergency
- Calling for help
- Building plan
- Identification of key escape routes
- Places of assembly
- Scenarios of possible disasters
- Training required
- Personal Emergence Evacuation Plan (PEEP)
- Liaison with emergency services
- Key safety personnel

It is not usual for a business continuity plan to be included in the emergency evacuation plan. A business continuity plan is often a separate document, that outlines how a business will continue operating during an unplanned disruption.

You notice smoke coming from a staff room and look through the window into the room, where you see a large fire. Which of the following actions do you take?

Answer explanation:
If or when you see a fire in the workplace, you should sound the fire alarm and leave the building immediately. Never attempt to return to your workstation to collect your belongings - this can put you in a serious danger.

Anyone discovering a fire should raise the alarm, regardless as to how small the outbreak is or how innocuous it appears to be. Fires can develop very quickly and every second counts.

Attempting to put out a large fire would put you and other people at unnecessary risk. It is best that you follow emergency evacuation procedures as soon as the alarm is raised.

You don’t need to find or speak to the fire warden - they will know what to do as soon as they hear the alarm. The wardens will “sweep” their designated areas of the building to ensure that everyone is out safely.

Your employee handbook states that all accidents, incidents and near misses in the workplace, must be immediately reported.

Which of the following is the main reason for reporting accidents?

Answer explanation:
An accident in the workplace is an event in the course of work that leads to physical or mental harm.

The reporting, investigation, and analysis of work-related accidents and incidents form an essential part of managing health and safety. Learning the lessons from what you uncover is incredibly important for both employers and employees as they can learn from, and prevent the same accidents in the future.

Your business will provide you with all the necessary information on how to report incidents, accidents, and near misses in your workplace. Although many workplace accidents are minor - such as a scratch or a paper cut, some accidents, especially in a manufacturing environment, can be very serious. If an accident that causes injury occurs, you must seek first-aid or medical assistance as soon as possible by notifying your manager.

A qualified electrician has just arrived to repair equipment in the production area. The electrician can ensure that equipment remains de-energized while they are working on it by:

Answer explanation:
The only way the electrician can ensure that equipment remains de-energized is by unplugging it. Any work on electrical devices should be done only after the power has been shut off in such a manner that it cannot be turned on accidentally.

De-energization is the removal of hazardous energy from machinery or equipment before lockout is applied. De-energization may include shutting off a machine and unplugging it, or disconnecting a switch before a lock is applied to prevent the machine from being started up accidentally.

Some manufacturing equipment may contain lockout/tagout safety mechanisms, but merely turning off the equipment is not sufficient to prevent accidents. Equipment should be unplugged before being inspected, or the circuit which the equipment is wired to deactivated by putting the circuit breaker in the off position.

Incorrect manual handling causes more than one-third of all workplace injuries. Which of the following are classified as a manual handling activity?

Answer explanation:
Manual handling is defined as the transport or support of a load by hand or bodily force. This includes lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or transporting.

Manual handling is one of the key health and safety concerns in the workplace as almost every organisation in any sector will have some form of manual handling activities being carried out.

Employees should:

• Participate in the risk assessment process
• Attend any relevant manual handling training
• Implement good manual handling techniques whenever they are carrying out such tasks

If a load cannot be moved safely, the use of mechanical aids or other appropriate equipment may be necessary.

You are about to use one of the electronic production machines when you notice that the equipment is faulty. Which of the following steps should you take?

Answer explanation:
When you notice faulty equipment in the workplace, you must report the defect immediately to your line manager or supervisor. Accidents from defective machinery can lead to serious injuries and they also may lead to fines or lawsuits for organisations.

Below are common risks associated with faulty equipment or machinery:

• A missing or defective safety guard on a piece of machinery can lead to a serious injury
• Poorly maintained electrical sockets/cabling can cause electrical shock
• Malfunctioning equipment can be extremely dangerous
• Equipment/machinery not being fit for the job an employee is
undertaking

You should never attempt to:

- Use the defective equipment
- Attempt to repair it yourself
- Ignore the fault
- Expect that someone else will report it

Your employer recently updated the company’s workplace risk assessment and asked you to familiarise yourself with the assessment’s findings.

Which of the following describes a workplace health and safety risk assessment?

Answer explanation:
Risk assessment is the overall process of hazard identification, risk analysis, and risk evaluation. It usually involves conducting a thorough assessment of your workplace to identify workplace hazards, situations, processes, and equipment that may cause harm, particularly to people.

Overall, the goal is to find and record possible hazards that may be present in your workplace. The person or team in charge of conducting the assessment should be competent, trained, and have good knowledge about the hazard being assessed, any situations that might likely occur, and protective measures appropriate to that hazard or risk.

Business risk assessments ensure that all employees are working in a safe and healthy environment. It focuses on what is likely to cause an accident and the actions required to reduce or eliminate hazards.

A task that you are about to carry out normally requires the use of safety goggles and gloves, but you have forgotten to bring this Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) with you. Which of the following actions do you take?

Answer explanation:
If you know that the task you are about to carry out requires you to wear the appropriate PPE because there are hazards associated with that task, do not put yourself in danger by carrying out the work without PPE.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) protects its user against any physical harm or hazards that the workplace environment may present. It is important because it exists as a preventative measure for industries that are known to be more hazardous, like manufacturing. PPE is the last level of protection in the workplace. The protective equipment forms a final barrier between you and the occupational hazards you face daily.

Below are the different types of PPE:

• Eye and Ear Protection
• Gloves
• Hard Hats
• High Visibility (a.k.a. Hi Vis) Clothing
• Respiratory Equipment
• Safety Footwear

Your job requires you to work alone for long periods of time. Your line manager is working to reduce the risks that lone workers such as yourself face, to as low as possible.

Safe working procedures for minimising this risk to lone workers include which of the following?

Answer explanation:
Lone workers are those who work by themselves without close or direct supervision. Anybody who works alone, including contractors and the self-employed, is classed as a lone worker.

There are many ways to minimise the risk of lone working. It is important to note that it will often be safe to work alone, however, the law requires employers to think about, and deal with any health and safety risks before people are allowed to do so.

You can minimise the risks associated with lone working by:

• Establishing safety procedures
• Carrying communication devices on you at all times
• Keep supervisors regularly informed of your location
• Adhere to any safe working procedures
• Ensure you use the equipment safely.

While there are no legal requirements that prohibit a person from working alone, employers must evaluate whether an employee is at a significantly higher risk when working alone.

According to EU law, suppliers of chemicals must provide an up-to-date Safety Data Sheet (SDS) if a substance is considered dangerous or hazardous. The SDS must legally include which of the following information?

Answer explanation:
Safety sheets provide information on chemical products that help users to create an accurate risk assessment. They describe the chemicals present and give information on handling, storage, and emergency measures in case of incidents.

It is not expected for the supplier to include training requirements in the safety data sheet.

A safety data sheet is not a risk assessment. You should use the information it contains to help make your assessment. As well as receiving chemicals, you may supply them to others. If you do, you must pass on relevant information (such as safety data sheets) to those who will use the materials.

Due to health risks, asbestos was banned at the European level in 2005 but can still be found in many buildings. An asbestos-containing material becomes dangerous when __________.

Answer explanation:
Asbestos is the name for six minerals made up of thin, microscopic fibers found naturally in the earth. These minerals have been used in construction and manufacturing for many reasons.

Asbestos is dangerous when disturbed by sanding, drilling, or cutting. When asbestos dust is inhaled or ingested, the fibers can become permanently trapped in the body. The carcinogenic qualities of the mineral are what make asbestos dangerous. Asbestos accumulates in the body with every exposure, and there is no known way to reverse the damage it causes.

All employers and employees should undertake an Asbestos awareness course, as it is still possible to come across buildings or materials containing asbestos. Some situations require the removal of asbestos-containing materials, but it may be safer to leave the materials undisturbed or encapsulate them with a sealant. Consult a certified asbestos abatement professional for the best advice.

If you accidentally spill non-hazardous liquid on the floor in a busy corridor area, you should do which of the following?

Answer explanation:
When any type of liquid is spilled, it should be taken very seriously and cleaned up promptly by the person who spilled it, before it becomes a serious slip hazard. Never expect that someone else will do it for you. Unless it is a spill you are not able to clean up yourself, you should inform your manager immediately. But never just ignore or leave the spill.

Slips, trips and falls are no joke and rank among the most frequent types of accidents - second only to motor-vehicle accidents as a cause of death.

When cleaning a spill, always take its size into consideration. You will have to treat a large spill differently than a small spill. For example, do not take a paper towel to clean three gallons of spilled water. Whatever the size of the spill, clean it with the appropriate equipment.

“Comparing an estimated risk against given risk criteria to determine the significance of the risk” is an example of which of the following processes?

Answer explanation:
Workplace Health & Safety professional uses the following terms:

Risk evaluation – the process of comparing an estimated risk against given risk criteria to determine the significance of the risk.

Risk assessment – the overall process of hazard identification, risk analysis, and risk evaluation.

Hazard identification – the process of finding, listing, and characterizing hazards.

Risk analysis – the process of comprehending the nature of hazards and determining the level of risk. Risk analysis provides a basis for risk evaluation and decisions about risk control. Risk analysis includes risk estimation.

Risk control – actions implementing risk evaluation decisions. Risk control can involve monitoring, re-evaluation, and compliance with decisions.

You need to use a ladder to get to an elevated platform. When working at height, the best way to ensure the safe use of the ladder is to:

Answer explanation:
The best way to ensure the safe use of the ladder is to always maintain three points of contact. This control measure means that as the ladder operator, you must keep two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand on the ladder. If you maintain three points of contact while you climb, you can limit your exposure to slips and falls.

Moving quickly often results in only two points of contact. You should only break three-point contact when you reach the ground or a stable platform. Put both hands firmly on the rungs before stepping onto a ladder. Tie off or secure the top and bottom of the ladder to prevent movement.

Training is a key element in the safe use of ladders. Employers must ensure that employees are provided with training and information in relation to safe ladder use. They must know how to check it, carry it, erect it, use it, and move it, all in a safe manner.

Think for a moment about a serious accident happening in your organisation. In addition to regulatory fines and liability concerns, the accident can have which of the following impacts on the company and its employees?

Answer explanation:
Accidents in the workplace can have a huge impact on the business, as they can cause damage to the firm’s reputation, reduce sales, result in low staff morale – and at worst – closure. If any worker suffers an injury during their employment, they are entitled to workers’ compensation.

If it’s shown that the accident happened because of a failure to manage health and safety risks in the organisation, the regulator may take action, which in turn may lead to prosecutions, fines and imprisonment.

As a result, there are three fundamental reasons for organizations to manage health and safety risk:

1. Moral – as human beings we should feel obliged to look after each other’s safety.

2. Legal – there are strict legal obligations imposed on employers and employees relating to the safety of employees and others affected by the business.

3. Economic – businesses that address health and safety risk are invariably more successful than those that do not. Loss events such as accidents or ill-health lead to significant direct and indirect costs.

The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) raises awareness of workplace risks and increases commitment to safety and health across Europe. EU-OSHA outlines that all employers have a duty of care and are legally obligated to:

Answer explanation:
The employer owes a duty of care to their employees to ensure, so far as reasonably practicable, their health, safety, and welfare at work. This includes providing a safe, healthy working environment and safe systems of work including ensuring that plant and equipment are in a safe condition. However, there is no legal requirement to provide private medical insurance.

EU-OSHA (The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work) provides guidance and tools for Health & Safety management and is responsible for raising awareness of occupational safety and health in the EU. However, legislative requirements in the field of safety and health at work can vary across the EU Member States.

Your company has committed to improving the management of health and safety and has shared a plan with all employees on how this will be achieved.

Finish the sentence: “Safety is the responsibility of _________.”

Answer explanation:
Don’t make the mistake of thinking that the responsibility for worker safety, health, and welfare rests solely with the employer. Under the law, employers certainly have a wide range of duties but so do employees.

You should already know that you have health and safety responsibilities. You are at the front line of safety. As the representative of the employer, you will make decisions about local safety practices. You are in control of what happens and that means you are the duty holder.

You need to know when you need to act, how to act, when not to act, and when to pass things on to more senior managers. You must also recognise when you’re out of your depth and need to call for help. As an employee, you should, but are not limited to, do the following -

• Comply with relevant laws and protect your safety and health
• Cooperate with your employer with regard to health and safety training
• Make proper use of all machinery, tools, substances, and personal protective equipment
• Report any defects in the place of work, equipment, etc. which might endanger safety and health

It is your first day in your new workplace, and your manager has asked you to familiarise yourself with the emergency evacuation procedures. Which of the following information would you normally find in the emergency evacuation plan?

Answer explanation:
An emergency evacuation plan aims to prepare employees with information that enables them to become familiar with the evacuation procedures and explains how to evacuate a building as quickly and safely as possible.

Emergency evacuation plan usually includes the below information:

- Action in an emergency
- Calling for help
- Building plan
- Identification of key escape routes
- Places of assembly
- Scenarios of possible disasters
- Training required
- Personal Emergence Evacuation Plan (PEEP)
- Liaison with emergency services
- Key safety personnel

It is not usual for a business continuity plan to be included in the emergency evacuation plan. A business continuity plan is often a separate document, that outlines how a business will continue operating during an unplanned disruption.

You notice smoke coming from a staff room and look through the window into the room, where you see a large fire. Which of the following actions do you take?

Answer explanation:
If or when you see a fire in the workplace, you should sound the fire alarm and leave the building immediately. Never attempt to return to your workstation to collect your belongings - this can put you in a serious danger.

Anyone discovering a fire should raise the alarm, regardless as to how small the outbreak is or how innocuous it appears to be. Fires can develop very quickly and every second counts.

Attempting to put out a large fire would put you and other people at unnecessary risk. It is best that you follow emergency evacuation procedures as soon as the alarm is raised.

You don’t need to find or speak to the fire warden - they will know what to do as soon as they hear the alarm. The wardens will “sweep” their designated areas of the building to ensure that everyone is out safely.

Your employee handbook states that all accidents, incidents and near misses in the workplace, must be immediately reported.

Which of the following is the main reason for reporting accidents?

Answer explanation:
An accident in the workplace is an event in the course of work that leads to physical or mental harm.

The reporting, investigation, and analysis of work-related accidents and incidents form an essential part of managing health and safety. Learning the lessons from what you uncover is incredibly important for both employers and employees as they can learn from, and prevent the same accidents in the future.

Your business will provide you with all the necessary information on how to report incidents, accidents, and near misses in your workplace. Although many workplace accidents are minor - such as a scratch or a paper cut, some accidents, especially in a manufacturing environment, can be very serious. If an accident that causes injury occurs, you must seek first-aid or medical assistance as soon as possible by notifying your manager.

A qualified electrician has just arrived to repair equipment in the production area. The electrician can ensure that equipment remains de-energized while they are working on it by:

Answer explanation:
The only way the electrician can ensure that equipment remains de-energized is by unplugging it. Any work on electrical devices should be done only after the power has been shut off in such a manner that it cannot be turned on accidentally.

De-energization is the removal of hazardous energy from machinery or equipment before lockout is applied. De-energization may include shutting off a machine and unplugging it, or disconnecting a switch before a lock is applied to prevent the machine from being started up accidentally.

Some manufacturing equipment may contain lockout/tagout safety mechanisms, but merely turning off the equipment is not sufficient to prevent accidents. Equipment should be unplugged before being inspected, or the circuit which the equipment is wired to deactivated by putting the circuit breaker in the off position.

Incorrect manual handling causes more than one-third of all workplace injuries. Which of the following are classified as a manual handling activity?

Answer explanation:
Manual handling is defined as the transport or support of a load by hand or bodily force. This includes lifting, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying or transporting.

Manual handling is one of the key health and safety concerns in the workplace as almost every organisation in any sector will have some form of manual handling activities being carried out.

Employees should:

• Participate in the risk assessment process
• Attend any relevant manual handling training
• Implement good manual handling techniques whenever they are carrying out such tasks

If a load cannot be moved safely, the use of mechanical aids or other appropriate equipment may be necessary.

You are about to use one of the electronic production machines when you notice that the equipment is faulty. Which of the following steps should you take?

Answer explanation:
When you notice faulty equipment in the workplace, you must report the defect immediately to your line manager or supervisor. Accidents from defective machinery can lead to serious injuries and they also may lead to fines or lawsuits for organisations.

Below are common risks associated with faulty equipment or machinery:

• A missing or defective safety guard on a piece of machinery can lead to a serious injury
• Poorly maintained electrical sockets/cabling can cause electrical shock
• Malfunctioning equipment can be extremely dangerous
• Equipment/machinery not being fit for the job an employee is
undertaking

You should never attempt to:

- Use the defective equipment
- Attempt to repair it yourself
- Ignore the fault
- Expect that someone else will report it

Your employer recently updated the company’s workplace risk assessment and asked you to familiarise yourself with the assessment’s findings.

Which of the following describes a workplace health and safety risk assessment?

Answer explanation:
Risk assessment is the overall process of hazard identification, risk analysis, and risk evaluation. It usually involves conducting a thorough assessment of your workplace to identify workplace hazards, situations, processes, and equipment that may cause harm, particularly to people.

Overall, the goal is to find and record possible hazards that may be present in your workplace. The person or team in charge of conducting the assessment should be competent, trained, and have good knowledge about the hazard being assessed, any situations that might likely occur, and protective measures appropriate to that hazard or risk.

Business risk assessments ensure that all employees are working in a safe and healthy environment. It focuses on what is likely to cause an accident and the actions required to reduce or eliminate hazards.

A task that you are about to carry out normally requires the use of safety goggles and gloves, but you have forgotten to bring this Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) with you. Which of the following actions do you take?

Answer explanation:
If you know that the task you are about to carry out requires you to wear the appropriate PPE because there are hazards associated with that task, do not put yourself in danger by carrying out the work without PPE.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) protects its user against any physical harm or hazards that the workplace environment may present. It is important because it exists as a preventative measure for industries that are known to be more hazardous, like manufacturing. PPE is the last level of protection in the workplace. The protective equipment forms a final barrier between you and the occupational hazards you face daily.

Below are the different types of PPE:

• Eye and Ear Protection
• Gloves
• Hard Hats
• High Visibility (a.k.a. Hi Vis) Clothing
• Respiratory Equipment
• Safety Footwear

Your job requires you to work alone for long periods of time. Your line manager is working to reduce the risks that lone workers such as yourself face, to as low as possible.

Safe working procedures for minimising this risk to lone workers include which of the following?

Answer explanation:
Lone workers are those who work by themselves without close or direct supervision. Anybody who works alone, including contractors and the self-employed, is classed as a lone worker.

There are many ways to minimise the risk of lone working. It is important to note that it will often be safe to work alone, however, the law requires employers to think about, and deal with any health and safety risks before people are allowed to do so.

You can minimise the risks associated with lone working by:

• Establishing safety procedures
• Carrying communication devices on you at all times
• Keep supervisors regularly informed of your location
• Adhere to any safe working procedures
• Ensure you use the equipment safely.

While there are no legal requirements that prohibit a person from working alone, employers must evaluate whether an employee is at a significantly higher risk when working alone.

According to EU law, suppliers of chemicals must provide an up-to-date Safety Data Sheet (SDS) if a substance is considered dangerous or hazardous. The SDS must legally include which of the following information?

Answer explanation:
Safety sheets provide information on chemical products that help users to create an accurate risk assessment. They describe the chemicals present and give information on handling, storage, and emergency measures in case of incidents.

It is not expected for the supplier to include training requirements in the safety data sheet.

A safety data sheet is not a risk assessment. You should use the information it contains to help make your assessment. As well as receiving chemicals, you may supply them to others. If you do, you must pass on relevant information (such as safety data sheets) to those who will use the materials.

Due to health risks, asbestos was banned at the European level in 2005 but can still be found in many buildings. An asbestos-containing material becomes dangerous when __________.

Answer explanation:
Asbestos is the name for six minerals made up of thin, microscopic fibers found naturally in the earth. These minerals have been used in construction and manufacturing for many reasons.

Asbestos is dangerous when disturbed by sanding, drilling, or cutting. When asbestos dust is inhaled or ingested, the fibers can become permanently trapped in the body. The carcinogenic qualities of the mineral are what make asbestos dangerous. Asbestos accumulates in the body with every exposure, and there is no known way to reverse the damage it causes.

All employers and employees should undertake an Asbestos awareness course, as it is still possible to come across buildings or materials containing asbestos. Some situations require the removal of asbestos-containing materials, but it may be safer to leave the materials undisturbed or encapsulate them with a sealant. Consult a certified asbestos abatement professional for the best advice.

If you accidentally spill non-hazardous liquid on the floor in a busy corridor area, you should do which of the following?

Answer explanation:
When any type of liquid is spilled, it should be taken very seriously and cleaned up promptly by the person who spilled it, before it becomes a serious slip hazard. Never expect that someone else will do it for you. Unless it is a spill you are not able to clean up yourself, you should inform your manager immediately. But never just ignore or leave the spill.

Slips, trips and falls are no joke and rank among the most frequent types of accidents - second only to motor-vehicle accidents as a cause of death.

When cleaning a spill, always take its size into consideration. You will have to treat a large spill differently than a small spill. For example, do not take a paper towel to clean three gallons of spilled water. Whatever the size of the spill, clean it with the appropriate equipment.

“Comparing an estimated risk against given risk criteria to determine the significance of the risk” is an example of which of the following processes?

Answer explanation:
Workplace Health & Safety professional uses the following terms:

Risk evaluation – the process of comparing an estimated risk against given risk criteria to determine the significance of the risk.

Risk assessment – the overall process of hazard identification, risk analysis, and risk evaluation.

Hazard identification – the process of finding, listing, and characterizing hazards.

Risk analysis – the process of comprehending the nature of hazards and determining the level of risk. Risk analysis provides a basis for risk evaluation and decisions about risk control. Risk analysis includes risk estimation.

Risk control – actions implementing risk evaluation decisions. Risk control can involve monitoring, re-evaluation, and compliance with decisions.

You need to use a ladder to get to an elevated platform. When working at height, the best way to ensure the safe use of the ladder is to:

Answer explanation:
The best way to ensure the safe use of the ladder is to always maintain three points of contact. This control measure means that as the ladder operator, you must keep two hands and one foot or two feet and one hand on the ladder. If you maintain three points of contact while you climb, you can limit your exposure to slips and falls.

Moving quickly often results in only two points of contact. You should only break three-point contact when you reach the ground or a stable platform. Put both hands firmly on the rungs before stepping onto a ladder. Tie off or secure the top and bottom of the ladder to prevent movement.

Training is a key element in the safe use of ladders. Employers must ensure that employees are provided with training and information in relation to safe ladder use. They must know how to check it, carry it, erect it, use it, and move it, all in a safe manner.

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